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List of Important National Parks in India

List of Important National Parks in India




Protected areas of India

  • These are defined according to the guidelines prescribed by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature).
  • There are mainly four types of protected areas which are:
    (a) National Park
    (b) Wildlife Sanctuaries
    (c) Conservation reserves
    (d) Community reserves

(a) National Parks 

  • There are 103 national parks in India.
  • First national park in India- Jim Corbett National Park (previously known as Hailey National Park)
  • No human activity/ rights allowed except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state.
  • It covered 1.23 percent geographical area of India

(b) Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • There are 543 wildlife sanctuaries in India.
  • It covered 3.62 percent geographical area of India

(c) Conservation reserves

  • These categories added in Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Buffer zones between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.
  • Uninhabited and completely owned by the Government.
  • It covered 0.08 percent geographical area of India.

(d) Community reserves

  • These categories added in Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Buffer zones between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.
  • Used for subsistence by communities and community areas because part of the land is privately owned.
  • It covered 0.002 percent geographical area of India.



Acts related to wildlife

  • Wildlife Protection Act 1972
  • It is applicable to whole India except Jammu and Kashmir which have their own law for wildlife protection.

Projects related to wildlife

(a) National Parks 

  • There are 103 national parks in India.
  • First national park in India- Jim Corbett National Park (previously known as Hailey National Park)
  • No human activity/ rights allowed except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state.
  • It covered 1.23 percent geographical area of India

(b) Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • There are 543 wildlife sanctuaries in India.
  • It covered 3.62 percent geographical area of India

(c) Conservation reserves

  • These categories added in Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Buffer zones between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.
  • Uninhabited and completely owned by the Government.
  • It covered 0.08 percent geographical area of India.

(d) Community reserves

  • These categories added in Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Buffer zones between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.
  • Used for subsistence by communities and community areas because part of the land is privately owned.
  • It covered 0.002 percent geographical area of India.

Acts related to wildlife

  • Wildlife Protection Act 1972
  • It is applicable to whole India except Jammu and Kashmir which have their own law for wildlife protection.

Projects related to wildlife

  • Project Tiger 1973
  • Operation Crocodile 1975
  • Project Rhinoceros 1987
  • Project Elephant 1992
  • Project Snow Leopard 2009



List of Important National Parks in India State Wise

StatesNational parkRemarks
Andhra PradeshSri Venkateswara National Park
Arunachal PradeshMouling National Park
Namdapha National ParkFlying squirrel
AssamKaziranga National ParkOne-Horned Rhinoceros, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Dibru-Saikhowa National ParkFeral horse,Golden Langur
Manas National ParkGolden Langur, Red Panda, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Nameri National Park
Orang National Park
BiharValmiki National Park
ChhattisgarhIndravati National Park
Kanger Valley National Park
Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) National Park
GoaMollem National Park
GujaratGir Forest National ParkAsiatic lion
Blackbuck National ParkBlack Buck
Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch
HaryanaKalesar National Park
Sultanpur National Park
Himachal PradeshPin Valley National Park
Great Himalayan National ParkUNESCO World Heritage Site
Inderkilla National Park
Khirganga National Park
Simbalbara National Park
Jammu & KashmirDachigam National ParkKashmir stag
Hemis National ParkLargest National Park in India
Kishtwar National Park
Salim Ali National Park
JharkhandBetla National ParkForest owlets, Sloth bear, Bison
KarnatakaDandeli National Park
Nagarhole National Park (Rajiv Gandhi National Park)
Bandipur National Park
Bannerghatta National ParkSloth Bear
KeralaPambadum Shola National Park
Eravikulam National ParkNilgiri Tahr (found in western ghats)
Mathikettan Shola National Park
Silent Valley National ParkLion-tailed macaque (found in western ghats)
Anamudi Shola National Park
Periyar National Park
Madhya PradeshBandhavgarh National Park
Pench National Park
Kanha National Park
Panna National Park
Pench National Park
Sanjay National Park
Satpura National Park
MaharastraSanjay Gandhi National Park
Chandoli National Park
Navegaon National Park
Tadoba National Park
ManipurKeibul Lamjao National ParkSangai or Dancing Deers, Only floating park in the world
Sirohi National Park
MeghalayaBalphakram National ParkRed Panda
Nokrek National ParkRed Panda, UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve
MizoramMurlen National Park
Phawngpui Blue National Park
NagalandNtangki National Park
OdishaSimilipal National Park
Bhitarkanika National ParkMangroves, Saltwater crocodile
RajasthanKeoladeo National ParkUNESCO World Heritage Site
Sariska National Park
Ranthambore National Park
Mukundra Hills (Darrah) National Park
Desert National ParkGreat Indian bustard
SikkimKhangchendzonga National ParkUNESCO World Heritage Site, Musk Deer
Tamil NaduMudumalai National Park
Mukurthi National ParkNilgiri tahr
Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
TelanganaKasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
TripuraBison(Rajbari) National Park
Clouded Leopard National Park
UttarakhandRajaji National Park
Jim Corbett National ParkFirst National Park of India. (previously known as Hailey National Park)
Gangotri National Park
Valley of Flowers National Park
Nanda Devi National ParkUNESCO World Heritage Site, UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve, Snow Leopard (Himalayan region)
Uttar PradeshDudhwa National Park
West BengalSunderbans Wildlife SanctuaryUNESCO World Heritage Site, Royal Bengal Tigers
Jaldapara National ParkIndian rhinoceros
Buxa National Park
Neora Valley NationalPark
Gorumara National Park
Andaman and NicobarMahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park
Mount Harriett National Park
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
Saddle Peak National Park
Campbell Bay National Park



Source –  Gradeup

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