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List of Important National Parks in India

List of Important National Parks in India




Protected areas of India

  • These are defined according to the guidelines prescribed by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature).
  • There are mainly four types of protected areas which are:
    (a) National Park
    (b) Wildlife Sanctuaries
    (c) Conservation reserves
    (d) Community reserves

(a) National Parks 

  • There are 103 national parks in India.
  • First national park in India- Jim Corbett National Park (previously known as Hailey National Park)
  • No human activity/ rights allowed except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state.
  • It covered 1.23 percent geographical area of India

(b) Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • There are 543 wildlife sanctuaries in India.
  • It covered 3.62 percent geographical area of India

(c) Conservation reserves

  • These categories added in Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Buffer zones between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.
  • Uninhabited and completely owned by the Government.
  • It covered 0.08 percent geographical area of India.

(d) Community reserves

  • These categories added in Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Buffer zones between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.
  • Used for subsistence by communities and community areas because part of the land is privately owned.
  • It covered 0.002 percent geographical area of India.



Acts related to wildlife

  • Wildlife Protection Act 1972
  • It is applicable to whole India except Jammu and Kashmir which have their own law for wildlife protection.

Projects related to wildlife

(a) National Parks 

  • There are 103 national parks in India.
  • First national park in India- Jim Corbett National Park (previously known as Hailey National Park)
  • No human activity/ rights allowed except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state.
  • It covered 1.23 percent geographical area of India

(b) Wildlife Sanctuaries

  • There are 543 wildlife sanctuaries in India.
  • It covered 3.62 percent geographical area of India

(c) Conservation reserves

  • These categories added in Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Buffer zones between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.
  • Uninhabited and completely owned by the Government.
  • It covered 0.08 percent geographical area of India.

(d) Community reserves

  • These categories added in Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Buffer zones between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.
  • Used for subsistence by communities and community areas because part of the land is privately owned.
  • It covered 0.002 percent geographical area of India.

Acts related to wildlife

  • Wildlife Protection Act 1972
  • It is applicable to whole India except Jammu and Kashmir which have their own law for wildlife protection.

Projects related to wildlife

  • Project Tiger 1973
  • Operation Crocodile 1975
  • Project Rhinoceros 1987
  • Project Elephant 1992
  • Project Snow Leopard 2009



List of Important National Parks in India State Wise

States National park Remarks
Andhra Pradesh Sri Venkateswara National Park
Arunachal Pradesh Mouling National Park
Namdapha National Park Flying squirrel
Assam Kaziranga National Park One-Horned Rhinoceros, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park Feral horse,Golden Langur
Manas National Park Golden Langur, Red Panda, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Nameri National Park
Orang National Park
Bihar Valmiki National Park
Chhattisgarh Indravati National Park
Kanger Valley National Park
Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) National Park
Goa Mollem National Park
Gujarat Gir Forest National Park Asiatic lion
Blackbuck National Park Black Buck
Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch
Haryana Kalesar National Park
Sultanpur National Park
Himachal Pradesh Pin Valley National Park
Great Himalayan National Park UNESCO World Heritage Site
Inderkilla National Park
Khirganga National Park
Simbalbara National Park
Jammu & Kashmir Dachigam National Park Kashmir stag
Hemis National Park Largest National Park in India
Kishtwar National Park
Salim Ali National Park
Jharkhand Betla National Park Forest owlets, Sloth bear, Bison
Karnataka Dandeli National Park
Nagarhole National Park (Rajiv Gandhi National Park)
Bandipur National Park
Bannerghatta National Park Sloth Bear
Kerala Pambadum Shola National Park
Eravikulam National Park Nilgiri Tahr (found in western ghats)
Mathikettan Shola National Park
Silent Valley National Park Lion-tailed macaque (found in western ghats)
Anamudi Shola National Park
Periyar National Park
Madhya Pradesh Bandhavgarh National Park
Pench National Park
Kanha National Park
Panna National Park
Pench National Park
Sanjay National Park
Satpura National Park
Maharastra Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Chandoli National Park
Navegaon National Park
Tadoba National Park
Manipur Keibul Lamjao National Park Sangai or Dancing Deers, Only floating park in the world
Sirohi National Park
Meghalaya Balphakram National Park Red Panda
Nokrek National Park Red Panda, UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve
Mizoram Murlen National Park
Phawngpui Blue National Park
Nagaland Ntangki National Park
Odisha Similipal National Park
Bhitarkanika National Park Mangroves, Saltwater crocodile
Rajasthan Keoladeo National Park UNESCO World Heritage Site
Sariska National Park
Ranthambore National Park
Mukundra Hills (Darrah) National Park
Desert National Park Great Indian bustard
Sikkim Khangchendzonga National Park UNESCO World Heritage Site, Musk Deer
Tamil Nadu Mudumalai National Park
Mukurthi National Park Nilgiri tahr
Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
Telangana Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
Tripura Bison(Rajbari) National Park
Clouded Leopard National Park
Uttarakhand Rajaji National Park
Jim Corbett National Park First National Park of India. (previously known as Hailey National Park)
Gangotri National Park
Valley of Flowers National Park
Nanda Devi National Park UNESCO World Heritage Site, UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve, Snow Leopard (Himalayan region)
Uttar Pradesh Dudhwa National Park
West Bengal Sunderbans Wildlife Sanctuary UNESCO World Heritage Site, Royal Bengal Tigers
Jaldapara National Park Indian rhinoceros
Buxa National Park
Neora Valley NationalPark
Gorumara National Park
Andaman and Nicobar Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park
Mount Harriett National Park
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
Saddle Peak National Park
Campbell Bay National Park



Source –  Gradeup

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